Fire alarm system
Functions of the fire alarm system
Fire alarmsystems are designed and installed according to individual needs and requirements of a particular object. Therefore, the scope of their operation, as well as the extent of both structural and functional can vary greatly. However, the main task of fire alarm systems is to automatically alert a person in the building, the manager or the fire department about a detected fire, which appeared in the building. Acoustic, or acoustic-optical alarm allows the appropriate services and personnel to react to the threat, while people in the building can start evacuation at an early stage of the fire.
Integration of fire alarm system with other fire protection systems
The fire alarm system can be integrated with other fire protection systems. Integration then allows for a wider fire alarmsystem response, which is not limited to alerting when a fire is detected, but starts actions aimed at limiting the spread of fire, or its complete liquidation. The fire alarm system control panel, after receiving a signal from detectors detecting smoke, or increased temperature, can perform a number of operations, such as running a system of sprinklers or fixed fire extinguishing devices at the place of fire detection, it can also open smoke flaps as well as windows and aeration gates. Other reactions of the system can be initiating the shutdown of dangerous electrical and gas devices, opening escape doors or access control gates, as well as a number of other actions to improve evacuation and directly combat the threat.
Fire alarm system components
The heart of every fire alarm system is the headquarters. It receives signals from the detectors, analyzes the data and transmits them to the subsequent components of the entire system. The control panel usually has a display that allows it to be operated by personnel. The other components of the fire alarmsystem are:
- Smoke detectors, temperatures detect the danger and transmit this information to the control panel,
- Sound and optical alarms alert you to the event,
- Manual call points allow you to manually switch on the fire alarmsystem after noticing a fire.
Where is it necessary to install Fire alarm system?
The legislator determines the objects in which the installation of fire alarmsystem is mandatory. They include both public and private objects. These are mainly large commercial and public utility objects intended for temporary and permanent stay of people. There are, among others:
- theaters (over 300 seats) and cinemas (over 600 seats),
- single-storey commercial and exhibition buildings with a total area of over 5000 m2,
- multi-storey retail and exhibition facilities with a total area of over 2500 m2,
- accommodation facilities with over 50 beds,
- multi-storey underground garages,
- underground garages with a fire zone over 1500 m2,
- sports and entertainment halls with over 1500 seats,
- indicated archives, museums and monuments,
- subway stations,
- hospitals and sanatoriums with over 200 seats,
- High and high-rise public buildings.
The list of objects obliged to be equipped in the fire alarmsystem can be found in the Regulation of the Minister of Infrastructure of 12 April 2002 on technical conditions to be met by buildings and their location.
About Fire Alarm- advantages of the system
Protect lives – secure values
Developed with people in mind
Safety is a valuable asset. We have made it our duty to develop systems and solutions for people to increase their safety, thereby making the world a safer place. Our products represent the highest level of technology, are easy to operate and help build confidence.
Highest level of reliability thanks to full redundancy
It is the fire alarm control panel’s job to detect a fire at the earliest possible point in time and to alert the action forces. However, this is not possible, when a single fault is sufficient to prevent it from functioning properly.
Redundancy of hardware, software, power supply and line routing guarantees highest availability and absolute fail safety. All functions, displays and controls remain fully functional even in the event of a fault.
Proven know how and IP technology are standard
All Integral IP control panels are equipped with an IP interface, thus supporting the Internet protocol. The control panels can also be monitored via remote access by intelligent software applications using a PC, smartphone or tablet device.
Intuitive, simple operation
The operating panel is the same in all Integral IP control panels: Clear arrangement of keys and logical workflows ensure the overview required, key labelling and display texts are available in more than 20 languages.
Integral IP control panels are equipped with various interfaces and standardized protocols, such as BACnet, OPC, ESPA or Modbus and are compatible with systems of other sectors, such as building management.
Reassuring investment security
A high degree of forward and backward compatibility of products is particularly important to us. Step-by-step modernization of older fire alarm systems can be carried out in a simple and flexible fashion, and therefore always is an investment in the future.
Easy programming and planning
All Integral IP control panels are simply and clearly programmed and designed with only one software tool. Logical connections of inputs with controls can be executed in a highly flexible way – even across loops and several control panels.
Made in Austria & Germany
We place great importance on high quality products. Our technologically valuable fire alarm systems are therefore developed and manufactured in Austria and in Germany and are in use around the globe.